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Question: What is Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture?
Answer: The MVC paradigm (design pattern) is a way of breaking an
application, or even just a piece of an application's interface, into three
parts: the model, the view, and the controller. MVC was originally developed to
map the traditional input, processing, output roles into the GUI realm:
Input --> Processing -->
Controller --> Model --> View
The user input, the
modeling of the external world, and the visual feedback to the user are
separated and handled by model, viewport and controller objects. The controller
interprets mouse and keyboard inputs from the user and maps these user actions
into commands that are sent to the model and/or viewport to effect the
appropriate change. The model manages one or more data elements, responds to
queries about its state, and responds to instructions to change state. The
viewport manages a rectangular area of the display and is responsible for
presenting data to the user through a combination of graphics and text.
Separating responsibilities among model, view, and controller objects reduces
code duplication and makes applications easier to maintain. It also makes
handling data easier, whether adding new data sources or changing data
presentation, because business logic is kept separate from data. It is easier to
support new client types, because it is not necessary to change the business
logic with the addition of each new type of client.
newsgroup and Sun’s web site.
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