Easy to Learn Java: Programming Articles, Examples and Tips

Start with Java in a few days with Java Lessons or Lectures

Home

Code Examples

Java Tools

More Java Tools!

Java Forum

All Java Tips

Books

Submit News
Search the site here...
Search...
 
Search the JavaFAQ.nu
1000 Java Tips ebook

1000 Java Tips - Click here for the high resolution copy!1000 Java Tips - Click here for the high resolution copy!

Java Screensaver, take it here

Free "1000 Java Tips" eBook is here! It is huge collection of big and small Java programming articles and tips. Please take your copy here.

Take your copy of free "Java Technology Screensaver"!.

Q: Can I write sin(x) instead of Math.sin(x)?

JavaFAQ Home » Java IAQ by Peter Norvig Go to all tips in Java IAQ by Peter Norvig


Bookmark and Share

Q: Can I write sin(x) instead of Math.sin(x)?

Answer: Short answer: no. Get used to writing the class name to access static methods from outside the class. However, if you insist on a longer answer ...

If you only want a few methods, you can put in calls to them within your own class:
public static double sin(double x) { return Math.sin(x); }
public static double cos(double x) { return Math.cos(x); }
...
sin(x)
Static methods take a target (thing to the left of the dot) that is either a class name, or is an object whose value is ignored, but must be declared to be of the right class. So you could save three characters per call by doing:
// Can't instantiate Math, so it must be null.
Math m = null; 
... 
m.sin(x)
java.lang.Math is a final class, so you can't inherit from it, but if you have your own set of static methods that you would like to share among many of your own classes, then you can package them up and inherit them:
public abstract class MyStaticMethods { 
  public static double mysin(double x) { ... } 
}

public class MyClass1 extends MyStaticMethods { 
  ... 
  mysin(x)
}

Peter van der Linden, author of Just Java, recommends against both of the last two practices in his FAQ. I agree with him that Math m = null is a bad idea in most cases, but I'm not convinced that the MyStaticMethods demonstrates "very poor OOP style to use inheritance to obtain a trivial name abbreviation (rather than to express a type hierarchy)." First of all, trivial is in the eye of the beholder; the abbreviation may be substantial. (See an example of how I used this approach to what I thought was good effect.) Second, it is rather presumptuous to say that this is very bad OOP style. You could make a case that it is bad Java style, but in languages with multiple inheritance, this idiom would be more acceptable.

Another way of looking at it is that features of Java (and any language) necessarily involve trade-offs, and conflate many issues. I agree it is bad to use inheritance in such a way that you mislead the user into thinking that MyClass1 is inheriting behavior from MyStaticMethods, and it is bad to prohibit MyClass1 from extending whatever other class it really wants to extend. But in Java the class is also the unit of encapsulation, compilation (mostly), and name scope. The MyStaticMethod approach scores negative points on the type hierarchy front, but positive points on the name scope front. If you say that the type hierarchy view is more important, I won't argue with you. But I will argue if you think of a class as doing only one thing, rather than many things at once, and if you think of style guides as absolute rather than as trade-offs.


This tip is reprinted on JavaFAQ.nu by by courtesy of Peter Norvig I am thankful for his important contributions to my site - 21 Infrequently Answered Java Questions. Alexandre Patchine


 Printer Friendly Page  Printer Friendly Page
 Send to a Friend  Send to a Friend

.. Bookmark and Share

Search here again if you need more info!
Custom Search



Home Code Examples Java Forum All Java Tips Books Submit News, Code... Search... Offshore Software Tech Doodling

RSS feed Java FAQ RSS feed Java FAQ News     

    RSS feed Java Forums RSS feed Java Forums

All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters, all the rest 1999-2006 by Java FAQs Daily Tips.

Interactive software released under GNU GPL, Code Credits, Privacy Policy